7 Easy to Grow Fruit and Veg Ideas
Before we dive into our list of easy to grow fruit and veg. When growing fruit and veg from seed, there are a few things to consider before growing any seeds.
- Seed Selection – Pick good seeds to start with and plan to plant more than 1 seed at a time
- Many seeds require or grow better, by first germinating the seeds
- Research, in reading guides like this one you will be better equipped to successfully grow seeds to trees
- Potting – once seeds have roots note that the soil they are potted in should have sufficient nutrients. Each plant will have a soil preference
- Within 4-6 weeks of potting fruit or veg, the soil usually requires fertilising
- Newly grown fruit and veg can be susceptible to plant pests, particularly if the soil used for potting is not suitable. If soil is too acidic when a more alkaline soil is preferred or vise versa, you may see growth of insects that attack the plants roots
- If soil is watered too often with harsh tap water or airflow is restricted (due to poor soil drainage ratio) this can also contribute to infestation of plant pests
Not only is the below a list of easy to grow fruit and veg, it is a list of fruit and veg that is also relatively easy to source. You may purchase seeds from stores or online stores or simply keep the seeds from the fruit or veg listed, next time you use or eat them.
List of Easy to Grow Fruit and Veg
- Spring Onions
If using shop bought apples for their seeds, try to select apples grown locally. As these will be those that grow well in your particular climate. Organic loose apples are a good choice, non organic apples can be treated with pesticides and harsh fertilisers when grown. Such apples tend to have seeds that are not viable for germinating.
Choose more than one type of apple, do note that you may not end up with an apple tree that is the same strain of apple that was planted. As grafting is commonly used for faster fruit and veg production.
- Remove and clean seeds with water (if using seeds directly from an apple)
- Line the clean seeds up on kitchen towel and zip bag, to begin the process of germinating the seeds
- Place in refrigerator or sunny window for several weeks or until roots appear, keep moist throughout
- Once seeds germinate, plant in small pots about 1 inch deep, using the correct soil and place in sunny window
- Repot into larger pot in Spring or Summer, if your climate experiences harsh winters
The most satisfying to grow on our list of easy to grow fruit and veg. Loose organic avocados work best when using shop bought avocados for their seeds. Patience is key when growing avocados. One of the longest to germinate, typically 2-3 months before roots emerge from seeds. Low maintenance until they sprout, then attention must be paid to the plants roots, soils nutrient levels and plants exposure to light and heat.
- Remove seed from Avocado, wash thoroughly with water
- Using a marker pen, date a clear plastic pint cup or plant pot
- Soak the seed in water for an hour or 2, then peel the thin brown outer layer of skin off the seed (this can be done after 2 days of submerging in water, also)
- Using protective gloves and 3 toothpicks, pierce avocado seed 3 quarters towards the bottom with the toothpicks. Ensure the toothpicks are at an angle so the avocado seed sits inside the cup (flat end) – (pointed end is the top)
- Balance the toothpick edges on the rim of the cup/glass and fill with water until the
- Alternatively cut the top off a plastic bottle, remove the cap and place seed inside
- Fill the cup with water ensuring avocado seed is at least half-submerged in water
- Place in a sunny window and change the water every 4-5 days, add small amount of water every 2-3 days or as the water evaporates
- If bacteria builds up and the water becomes very cloudy, refresh the water entirely
- When roots appear appropriately (5-6 weeks) change water every 2-3 days taking care not to damage the roots
- Pot in soil when stem emerges from the top of seed
For best results pot in soil when several roots have appeared and they begin to thicken. If using the top of a plastic bottle, note that if you allow the roots to coil it will be tricky to remove the seed without damaging the roots. When the seed has been potted use clear film or germinating cover to increase humidity and prevent plant pests. If you see any sign of infestation remove the seed from the soil, clean the roots with water. Sit the roots in soil for 1-2 hours and repot in fresh soil.
Care tip: Using banana skin feed periodically to water your avocado seed while it is germinating, will add nutrients to the water and speed up the germinating process. Soak peeled banana skin in 1 litre of hot water, leave to soak overnight and top up the water the seed is in.
Paper Towel Method
The paper towel method works best for lemon seeds, however, potting straight to soil also works rather well. Lemon trees will naturally produce fruit within 2-3 years of sprouting from seed. Grafting is commonly used in order for plants to produce fruit quicker.
- Clean Lemon Seed with water and dry with cloth or paper towel
- Fold kitchen towel into a half place clean lemon seed on top and fold again
- Wet paper towel and place in a sandwich like zip bag until seed grows a small root
- Keep paper towel moist at all times, leave to germinate in sunny window or dark warm cupboard (both work well)
- When roots appear prepare small potting pot
- Place seed in the middle of the pot and cover with more soil
- Water lightly and cover with clear film
- Place in a sunny window or under grow lights (set timer if using grow lights)
- Stem should emerge from soil within 2-3 weeks
- Keep inside while germinating, particularly in winter and place baby lemon tree outside in Spring
It is important to keep lemon trees warm while germinating and also, once they have sprouted. Do not allow soil to dry out, fertilising is essential for lemon seeds to grow into mature trees, with time.
Care tip: Baby lemon plants are particularly prone to plant pests, check a close eye out for any early signs of infestation. Remove from water or soil if any signs of infestation are evident. Repot in fresh soil. Place a bowl of water and sticky fly traps close to baby lemon plants to help clear any remaining pests and prevent further infestation. Infestation may also be a sign that the soil is not suitable.
One of the easiest and quickest growers of the list. If plant onion bulbs is it as simple as potting in soil and waiting for growth. Another option is to get spring onions from old onions. Onions that are out of date work well, simply place in a cup of water ( bottom down) and watch the roots grow!
- Peel onion skin off
- Using a small glass or pot – wide enough for the onion to fit inside, without touching the bottom
- Fill glass/pot half way and place onion in water
- Leave in a sunny window
- Change water every 4-5 days
- Bacteria builds very quickly when doing this so do lift the onion often for inspection
- Roots should appear within 7-10 days and then sprout within 2-3 weeks
The most fun to grow of the list of easy to grow fruit and veg. This one won’t give you fruit but rather a plant that will make your friends say wow!
- Using the top of a freshly cut pineapple
- Gently pull off several of the leaves closest to the part that was cut away from the pineapple itself
- Place in water and change water every 3-4 days
- Roots should appear within 4-5 weeks, not all pineapple tops will grow roots just like not all seeds will germinate. Try more than one at a time to avoid disappointment
- Once roots have grown in, pot in soil and await your pineapple plant
The leftovers need not be wasted anymore, spring onions are particularly good at re-growing themselves time and time again.
- Using bottom (root end) of used spring onions
- Place spring onions in clean glass of water, covering the roots and about 1 cm of stem
- Sprouts should start to regrow within 4-5 days
- Change water every 2-3 days
Tomatoes that have softened worked best. Although tomatoes have made the list of easy to grow fruit and veg, it is because they are very easy to grow. However, keeping them alive is a little more tricky.
- Slice Tomato
- Using a medium-sized potting plant, fill 3/4 of pot with soil.
- Lay sliced tomato on top of soil.
- Cover with more soil.
- Water lightly.
- Within 2 weeks there should be some sprouting, of beautiful purple stems and bright green leaves, initially.
- Fertiliser is key to survival for tomato trees
Have you tried to grow tomatoes in this way in the past? Did they sprout their beautiful purple stems along with green leaves, then died shortly after? This is not uncommon. Tomato plants are heavy feeders. To prevent them dying once sprouted it is best to fertilise them soon after planting or as soon as they sprout.
That completes the list of easy to grow fruit and veg. If you don’t want to stop there, another relatively easy thing to grow is peppers. Although they are not on the list we, have a guide on growing peppers plants too.